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Ammonia Uses

Suketu Mehta Apr 29, 2019
Ammonia has numerous uses that are wide in range. This piece will help you learn some household uses of this compound.
Ammonia is a chemical compound made up of nitrogen and hydrogen. It is available in liquid and gaseous form, and is characterized by a strong pungent odor. Its liquid form has to be stored at low temperatures, and under high pressure. It is used as an ingredient in most cleaning solutions.
Urea, one of the most common and popular ammonia-based products, is produced from carbon dioxide and ammonia. It is used as a food supplement for cattle, as it has properties which enable quick protein building in animals.
Nitric acid, used in the manufacturing of explosives, is also produced from this compound. Artificial fibers such as nylon and acrylics are also manufactured from a reaction between ammonia, oxygen, and propene.

Household Uses

Household ammonia is a solution of the compound dissolved in water. It is highly concentrated and contains about 5 to 10 percent ammonia.
  • Cleaning electric ovens was never so easy, as it is with ammonia. Place ½ cup on the shelf above the oven, and a large container filled with water on the bottom shelf. Turn the oven on and let it remain this way overnight, Next day, remove the contents from the oven and wipe it clean with a liquid detergent.
  • Mix a few drops of ammonia in water, and apply it on crystals with a cloth. Wash it with clean water and wipe the surface once again to find the crystals shining and sparkling.
  • Kitchen moths are irritating to say the least. However, they can be repelled. Wash all the drawers, cabinets and shelves with a mixture of ammonia and water thoroughly, to prevent these pests from coming any near to these areas.
  • Fresh paint leaves an irritating, pungent smell. To get rid of this smell, place small cups filled with ammonia in such places, which will absorb the odor.
  • There is no need to look for a blowtorch to clean fireplace doors. Add 2 tablespoons of vinegar and 1 tablespoon of ammonia in a cup of water and fill it in a spray bottle. Spray it on places which require cleaning and just wipe it off with a cloth.
  • You can make gold and silver jewelry shine by dipping it in a solution of ammonia and warm water, for about 10 to 15 minutes. Remove the jewelry and wipe it off with a soft cloth.
  • Tarnished brass or silver ornaments can restore their shine back. Scrub off the ornaments with a brush after dipping it in ammonia, and see the difference.
  • Most porcelain bathtubs and sinks have grease or soap scum building on them. Remove by scrubbing the areas with a hot water and ammonia solution, and then wash it clean with normal water.
  • You can brighten white shoes by dipping them in the same solution.
  • Cleaning harsh stains form clothes like stains of blood, urine, pencil marks and other non-oily stains is simpler when this solution is used. For this, try applying ammonia directly on the stains, and if that does not work either, wash the cloth with laundry detergent.
  • Apart from stains on clothes, carpet and upholstery stains can also be cleaned. Sponge these areas with a solution of ammonia and hot water, to get rid of any undesired stains.
  • Grim looking windows, to a certain extent, dilute the beauty of the house. Wipe these with a damp piece of cloth dipped in the solution, to clear them of their grim appearance.
  • Bathroom tiles can be cleared of all dirt accumulated on them by wiping them with a cloth, soaked in the solution.
  • It is an excellent plant food, and can hence be diluted and sprayed on various flowering plants, once in a while, to give them some extra nitrogen.
  • Mosquito bites itch a lot, and encourage scratching at areas around these bites. This can be avoided by applying a couple of drops of undiluted ammonia on the bites.
  • Stray animals can create a mess out of the overnight trash kept outside the house. Keep them away by spraying the garbage bins and bags with ammonia.
  • Stains accumulated on concrete surfaces can be removed by scrubbing the surface with a brush soaked in the solution.
  • Mix ammonia, vinegar and baking soda in water and wash the surface thoroughly with the solution. Then wipe it off with a dry piece of cloth to get rid of mildew and mold.
The various utilities do signify the versatility of this chemical compound. All households should have a bottle of liquid ammonia considering the tremendous cleaning abilities it possesses.