Hinges are considered to be the most useful mechanical invention of mankind. These small mechanical devices aid the rotation between two flat surfaces. It's because of these mechanisms that we can close the doors and windows of our house, store items inside cabinets, etc. They come in a large variety, and each one of them have unique features.
A hinge is a bearing placed between the edges of two flat surfaces that allows rotation along a fixed axis and plane. There are two broad categories of door hinges: (1) the ones that are visible even when the door is closed, and (2) the ones that are almost invisible. These two categories are due to two types of door frames. Cabinets with frames placed in the same plane as the doors have visible hinges, while those which have no frame have hinges that cannot be seen. A door hinge is made up of four parts: two rectangular parts, one cylindrical knuckle-like part, and a pin that rests inside the knuckle. One of the rectangular parts is fixed to the door frame or cabinet, while the other is fixed to the door. The knuckle is present between these two rectangular parts, and the pin rests inside it.
When you are remodeling your home and installing kitchen cabinets or bathroom vanities by yourself or by hiring a professional, it is necessary to be are aware of the different types of cabinet door styles, so that you can choose a hinge that satisfies your needs. Hinges come in various styles and designs, and each one of them allows a different axis of rotation.
Also known as mortise hinges, these are commonly used for cabinets. They are manufactured in brass or stainless steel. The design is very simple; they contain two metal leaves connected by a pin. They are among the strongest hinges, but you cannot alter their assembly once they are fitted. They are very easy to install, and you should go for this type if you are going to install them by yourself.
Also called Parliament (UK) or dovetail hinges, these have butterfly-shaped plates with small cylindrical pins between the two plates. They come in all sizes and are very decorative and quite economic. These are visible hinges and are usually used for light-weight cabinets.
These are also called concealed or cup hinges. They are made of two parts: (1) the hinge cup with its arm, and (2) the plate that is mounted on the door. They are great for cabinets with no door frame. They are invisible and cannot be viewed from the outside. Moreover, these hinges are sometimes self-closing, meaning that if you leave the door open, the hinges will make the door close automatically. They are easy to install and very flexible in nature, and hence are popular.
These are perfect for cabinets that have overlapping doors. This hinge is fitted outside the door and is usually used to increase the strength and stability of the door frame. They are characterized by a U-shaped design that wraps around all the three parts of the door edge.
After understanding the different types of hinges, you can choose one that will suit the type of door frame your cabinet has. It is recommended to consult an expert if you are installing cabinet hinges for the first time.