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How to Install a Range Hood

Ningthoujam Sandhyarani Nov 23, 2018
A range hood is a basic appliance designed for the removal of cooking fumes and oils. Read here the steps and some useful tips for its installation. It can also be installed by adhering to the manufacturer's guidelines carefully.
A range hood is a kitchen appliance installed above the stove for gathering and removing the cooking fumes, gases, steam, oils, greases, odor and heat. It is also called as an extractor hood or electric chimney. It has 3 main components - capture panel, grease filters, and circulating fan.
The capture panel collects the fumes and gases, and transfers them to the grease filters, where filtration and evacuation take place under the forced air, supplied by the fan.
For those who have an old model and are reluctant to fix a new one, consider painting the range wood. The instructions for installation may differ based on the particular model.
The size should be such that it is more than the surface area of the cook-top (at least 3-inch overhang on the sides).
Installing can be accomplished on your own by following the manufacturer's guidelines and basic safety tips.

Steps and Some Tips

Select the range hood type as per your needs. Based on the working, there are two varieties of the same, namely, ducted or vented type and ductless type. The ducted type consists of a duct system that serves the purpose of expelling accumulated gases to the outside.
In a ductless type, the accumulated gases are filtered and absorbed by activated charcoals. For easy maintenance, select the ducting system, as the ductless type requires a regular replacement of the activated charcoals.
Prior to the installation, turn off the power supply at the circuit breaker. If you are opting for the ducted type, making an appropriate size hole in the kitchen wall is necessary for directing the duct to the outside. You can complete this task with the help of another person.
First, align the appliance over the top of the cook-top, the height of the hood should be 25-30 inches above the cooking surface. Mark the location for the vent work and the electrical cable (if required) by using a pencil. Ensure that there are no obstructions inside the wall within the markings.
Place it down and make the holes for the venting and electrical cables according to the pencil markings. You can use a reciprocating saw for the preparation of holes in the walls. After making the duct cut-outs, you can fix the outside vent as per the instructions provided in the kit.
In order to fill up the opening between the vent and the walls, you can apply silicone caulking both to the outside and inside of the wall before connecting the electrical wiring.
Allow the other person to hold the appliance in place and fasten the screws. Recheck the screws again for tight fixation. Mount the fan and filter according to the guidelines. The next step is fixing the electrical connections.
Follow the instructions carefully while connecting the wiring of the fan and lighting of the appliance. Note the color of the wires for the correct connections. Place the electrical cover properly to protect the wiring.
Turn on the power supply and check whether the fan and lighting are functioning properly or not. You can add a unique style to the decorations by using custom-designed copper range hoods that suit every type of kitchen design and accessories. Some companies also offer additional features such as dish racks, storage units, and backsplash boards.