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How to Tell if You Have Bed Bugs

Sonia Nair Feb 17, 2019
Bed bug infestation is indeed a cause of worry. Here are some tips to identify signs of such infestation.
Bed bug infestation can be a nightmare, as these parasitic insects can deprive you of your sleep. Bed bug bites may cause itchy hives and rashes that may last for some time. In some people, allergic reactions may also develop. These parasitic insects are nocturnal, and thrive on the blood of warm-blooded animals, like humans.
Bed bugs may get attached to your clothes or luggage, during your stay in a hotel room, or while you travel by public transport, or during your visit to a movie theater.
Once they gain entry in your house, they will breed and multiply in numbers, leading to bed bug infestation. You may develop itching and other symptoms, like skin rash. Of course, these symptoms are signs of bed bugs in your house. Apart from that, there are many other indications of bed bug infestation.

Identifying Bed Bug Signs

Bed bugs being nocturnal, it is very unlikely that you come across these insects during day time. You have to check their hideouts, so as to confirm their presence. These bugs hide inside the cracks and crevices of the bed frame or headstand, and seams of the mattress; and come out for feeding only.
However, a basic know-how about the physical features of these insects may prove beneficial for identifying them. Bed bugs have flat bodies with a reddish-brown coloration. They are roughly oval, and do not have wings. The nymphs of these insects have a lighter body color.
The adults can grow to a maximum body length of five millimeters, and a width of three millimeters. While feeding on the blood of the victim, they inject saliva, so as to prevent clotting. It is due to this saliva, that the victims develop skin rash and itching.
  • One of the common bed bug signs is skin rash that is often found as round, raised areas, with slight redness and tiny red specks, which are actually dried blood.
  • These bugs leave black fecal stains on the mattress and the bed frame. These fecal stains are usually small and black. The black color is due to the partially digested blood in the feces.
  • You may also find some reddish marks, caused by accidental crushing of bed bugs, while you are asleep. You may sometimes find the skin shed by these insects.
  • Another evidence of bed bug infestation is the presence of white, oval eggs and transparent nymphs. If you detect live or dead insects, then that will be the concrete evidence for bed bug infestation.
Apart from the beds and mattresses, you must also check the carpets, furniture, curtains, wall crevices, and rugs. In case you detect bed bugs, call pest control professionals. If you want to prevent bed bug infestation, all you have to do is to maintain the house clean, through regular vacuuming.
Cover your mattress with a plastic lining to prevent the bed bugs from making it their home. Seal the cracks and crevices in the bed as well as on the wall and other surfaces.
While traveling, check for signs of bed bug infestation in hotel rooms, before opening your baggage. Once you return, place the baggage in a secluded corner; and wash the clothes with hot water, so as to kill the bugs, if there are any. If you find signs of infestation, hire pest control professionals for bed bug treatment.