You can buy a hygrometer, i.e., the device used to measure relative humidity in the surroundings, to monitor the humidity levels at your home. While experts opine that the same should be close to 45 percent, anywhere between 30 - 50 percent is considered ideal. Though there are other methods of monitoring humidity levels, including repeated fogging of windows and appearance of mold on the walls, the use of hygrometer is a lot more convenient and reliable method.
Why Should You Monitor the Humidity Levels in Your Home?
Low humidity can result in a range of health problems, like dry nose and dry throat, and make you susceptible to various respiratory problems and cold. Dry skin, caused due to the lack of moisture in the air, will be more susceptible to cracks and discomforts associated with it. Low humidity will also damage your wooden furniture and other wooden items in your household, not to forget the flooring. You will also witness an abnormal rise in the static electricity, which will make you vulnerable to electric shocks.
On the other hand, humidity in excess will damage your house, especially the ceilings and walls. Black mold and rot will become more common, and the affected portions of the house will serve as breeding grounds for various insects. So it is necessary to ensure that the optimum level of humidity prevails in the house.
If the humidity exceeds the optimum level, you will have to bring it down. That can be done by resorting to simple measures like stopping the use of humidifier, using exhaust fans in the kitchen and bathroom, installing air intake duct, etc. Similarly, covering the pans while cooking, having bath in cold water, reducing the duration of showers when bathing in warm water, and other such simple tips are also effective. Plants have the tendency of releasing water vapor and therefore, it is ideal to avoid keeping any plants in the house. Buying a dehumidifier is yet another option you can resort to, in order to get rid of excess humidity.
When humidity is too low, the simplest measure to get it back to the required level is to use a humidifier. There are various types of humidifiers available in the market, ranging from the simple evaporating type, with a manual water feeding and limited humidification capacity, to a power type, with an attached heating system and maximum capacity. Proper maintenance is yet another aspect of these humidifiers that needs to be taken into consideration when using them. When buying a humidifier, you need to make sure that you buy one with operating range that would be sufficient for your house.
The issues related to excess or lack of humidity in your home may sound simple, but they can have some serious implications on your health in the long term. (It's worth noting that inhaling stale air released from the humidifiers can also result is some health issues.) That being said, it is better off to be well-versed with the simple measures to monitor humidity and keep it under control.