Types of Cotton

A List of Different Types of Cotton You Probably Didn't Know

Cotton is one of the most comfortable fabric that is preferred by most people. It is cultivated in almost all parts of the world. Let us have a look at the different types of cotton.
HomeQuicks Staff
Last Updated: Mar 17, 2018
One of the best ways to beat the scorching summer heat is to opt for clothes that are made up of cotton. Its scientific name is Gossypium spp. and it is a soft, fluffy, staple fiber, which grows around its seeds, in the form of a 'boll'. It is one of the most widely used fabric in the world because it is multipurpose in nature and can be used to make garments, curtains, bed sheets, carpets, and various other fabrics.

Egyptian Cotton
As the name suggests, it is fine and lustrous, and has long and thin fibers. Its fiber is light brown in color and is used for making strong yarns. It is mostly used for bed sheets, cushion covers, etc.

Sea Island Cotton
This is comparatively more expensive than the others because of its fast growth and easy processing. Its long staple makes it one of the finest cotton counts. It is popular for its smooth fibers and silky texture is because it is often mixed with silk. It is used to manufacture garments that are made up of an expensive brand. So, whenever a garment's label reads 'sea island cotton', the piece might get a little heavy on your pockets.

Pima Cotton
The pima cotton belongs to the ELS (extra-long staple) type, that is almost 8 inches, or longer. It has a quality that is similar to that of the Egyptian cotton. Its strength, softness, durability, and absorbency, makes it one of the most popular and finest cotton for clothing, towels, and sheets.

Asiatic Cotton
India, China, and the Near East, are the places that grow this plant extensively. It has thick and coarse fibers that makes the fabric strong and durable. It is suitable for manufacturing products like blankets, filters, coarse clothes, padding materials, etc.

American Upland Cotton
Another commonly used variety is the American Upland cotton. It is less expensive and has a very basic quality. It is also used to make several types of fabrics. Its versatility makes it the best option for manufacturing shirts, shorts, and denim fabric.

Types of Cotton Threads
  • Mercerized thread
  • Glazed thread
  • Gassed thread
  • Cotton-wrapped polyester thread
Cotton is also available in various types of fabrics such as French terry, honey comb, twill, and canton cotton. The fabric is either woven, non-woven, or weaved. Needless to say, the choice of a particular type of cotton is governed by the purpose of its use.