Good wines can be distinguished from the rest by their taste, smell, look, and swirl. All these features are augmented by the use of the right kind of glass. Different wines are enjoyed best when they are served in right type of wine glasses. The type of glass in which the wine is served highly impacts your perception of a drink, its taste and your mood.
A wine glass has three typical components: the base, which supports the entire body and maintains its uprightness; the stem, where you hold the glass (which avoids transferring body heat to the wine or leaving any marks on glass surface which may affect the wine's appearance); and the body, which essentially retains the real flavor of the wine.
All glasses are designed to direct the flow of wine into the part of the mouth where its flavor would be most appreciated. The design for all the glasses is slightly tapered towards the top and wider at the bottom.
This shape helps to direct the wine's aroma and flavor towards the nose and mouth respectively. There are four general types of glasses globally used, though the norm may differ in certain cases.
Red Wine Glass
It is fuller and more rounded in shape than the other types. This type is characterized by a shorter stem as most people tend to hold the bowl while drinking. Red wine does not get affected by body heat easily.
Further, the bowl is larger to allow the wine more exposure to the air in order to release its bold aroma and flavor. The complex flavors of red wine are smoothened when exposed to air.
The lip is designed to direct the flow towards the side and the front of the mouth to relish the sweetness of the wine. However, there are many variants of this glass, depending on whether the wine is crisp and young or mature and full.
The shape helps in pouring the drink without losing its unique carbonation. The long stem and the narrow features prevent heat from escaping due to body contact, while the flavor is retained just like in the case of white wine.
The glass has a standard 120ml shape, which is a small size so that the wine is dispensed to the back of the oral cavity and the sweetness does not overwhelm the drinker. As the alcohol content is high, smaller glasses are perfect for serving dessert wines.
The glasses are also classified on the basis of their design. Although this is a recent trend, the use of most of these is catching up across the globe.
This intricately carved glass can be in different customized designs. The deep etching gives a distinctive appeal to the glass.
Another novel type is an ice-glass made from a mold placed in a deep freezer. This ice-glass is used for serving white wine and makes a great value addition to a bar setting. It can also be used to serve ice wine (a dessert wine) which tastes best when served chilled.