Wheelchair Ramp Plans

Bhavya Verma Nov 24, 2018
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A suitably designed wheelchair ramp has become an essential part of any new building or house being built today. Wheelchair ramps are specially designed to make traveling convenient for wheelchair-bound people. Let's see some wheelchair ramp designs.
Employing right plans for wheelchair ramps are as important as building the correct wheelchair ramp. There are many plans available, but you must use the one that suits your purpose perfectly.
So, where can you find such a plan? Usually, blueprints of ramp plans are available with the wheelchair manufacturer. You can also approach the nearest hardware store to find suitable plans to build wheelchair ramps.
The most popular type of wheelchair ramp is the modular one, as it can be easily built and assembled on site and is also available in do-it-yourself kits. Before zeroing in on to a particular ramp plan, a lot of things need to be considered.
This includes the different types of people who use a wheelchair, the cumulative weight of the wheelchair and the person sitting on it, the amount of space occupied by the ramp and the area or location of the ramp. Also, find out if the ramp is exposed to rain or snow.
Before deciding on the plan for building wheelchair ramp make sure that the slope of the ramp is 1 inch for every 1 foot of the length of the ramp. If the slope is steeper than this, then it is an indication that the plan is skipping the safety measures laid down by ADA (American Disability Act).
In places where the frequency of rain or ice is more, it is better to have a 1-inch slope for every 16 to 20 inches of ramp length so as to prevent the wheelchair from skidding on the ramp.
These ramp plans can be broadly categorized as permanent and temporary ramp plans. Permanent wheelchair ramp comprises ramps made of concrete and wood so that they can be installed permanently in one place. Such ramps are used in official buildings or residential localities.
Temporary wheelchair ramp comprises ramps made of metal and wood and are usually portable. They can be carried from one place to another and placed on the ground for temporary use.

Some Commonly Built Wheelchair Ramps

Swimming Ramp

This wheelchair ramp helps people in a wheelchair to descend in a swimming pool very gradually. It is similar to the slope of a beach. Such ramps are usually available in water parks.

Telescoping Ramp

The length of these ramps is adjustable. This provides better access to variable heights and slopes. These ramps are generally used for getting into vans and trucks. Though these cannot be folded, they are portable.

Mobile Ramp

This wheelchair ramp can be carried along in the vehicle while traveling. It is used by handicapped people to board the vehicle or get down from it. Some mobile ramps are also foldable.
Some of these ramps can be folded in the form of suitcases and can prove handy if the person wants to visit the grocery store or a nearby place. Another feature of this ramp is that it is lightweight and therefore easy to carry.

Solid Wheelchair Ramp

A solid wheelchair ramp has a one-piece loading platform and sturdy rails. The advantage of this wheelchair ramp is that because it is one piece, you do not need to waste time assembling it. Once you keep it in the required place, it is ready to take heavy loads of wheelchairs. This ramp plan is also referred to as semi-permanent.

Threshold Ramp

 A threshold has always been a permanent obstacle for wheelchair users. But if you build a threshold ramp, the wheelchair user need not jiggle his wheelchair or lift it to get inside.

Electrical Wheelchair Ramp

This ramp is a great help for people on electrical wheelchairs. It is good for riding over uneven inclines or surfaces. It is also available for helping people on electric-powered wheelchairs to get inside a car or truck.
Ensure that your wheelchair ramp designs adhere to the guidelines put down by American Disability Act. This act is important as it was passed to protect the rights of people with disabilities.
Before this act was passed, people with disabilities had to find their own ways of getting inside a building or house or had to take help of others. So, whichever wheelchair ramp plan you choose, keep in mind that it provides a safe and easy-access pathway to people who use it.