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Information About Moire Fabric

Information About Moire Fabric

Moire fabrics are typically used French fabrics that have the texture that resembles a marble or the formation of ripples in water. It possesses a brilliant luster and a thicker feel. Know more about this glamorous fabric in this HomeQuicks article.
Prachi Patkar
Did You Know?
According to Collins English Dictionary, the word 'moire' has been derived from the word 'Mohair', which is of French origin. Mohair represents a fabric that has been made from the hair of the Angora goat.

Moire fabric has a magnificent shine that can add glitter to the dullest of evening gowns. It finds its uses in clothing as well as in interior decoration. Due to its texture and strength, it has an advantage over many other types of fabric.
Obtaining a moire pattern can be considered as a type of treatment that gives a water-like texture to any kind of fabric. Silk clothes are mostly treated with this method to impart it with a silky, wavy, water-like appearance. Besides silk, the other types of fiber that are given this treatment are cotton, rayon, wool, and other synthetic fibers. They are available in the printed and plain varieties too. Continue reading to know more about this fabric.
History and Origin of Moire Fabric
This fabric was produced by imparting the moire pattern to silk and other fabrics having strong fiber structures. It was perceived as an advanced fabric and was of great importance in the olden times.

Charles Frederick Worth was an English fashion designer in the period around the 1850s. He was famous for the embroidered moire fabric, which he designed for the court ladies. Later, he was endowed with the title of a French courtier. The ancient flags of Azerbaijani Republic are made of this fabric. Besides this, the Baroque era also witnessed the use of moire fabric in drapes.

How is Moire Fabric Produced?
  1. The fiber is initially made by weaving.
  2. On completion of weaving, the material is penned up into half.
  3. It is then dampened and made to pass through rollers that have a rib-like texture.
  4. On application of pressure, the texture from the rollers is etched over the cloth. That's the reason for the wavy appearance.
  5. This effect can also be obtained by imparting texture using a mixture of vivid colors.
The process of producing moire fabric is called calendering in which some of the fibers of the fabric are crushed, while others are retained as is.

Characteristics and Properties
» Moire patterns are made over strong and ribbed fabrics.
» The cloth looks tarnished when it comes in contact with water.
» Luster of the fabric is a result of reflection of light rays which are incident on the fabric.
» It is glossy and has a paper-like texture.

Uses
» It is used in making upholstery and drapes for interior decoration.
» It is sometimes used to make flags.
» It can be used in making bedspreads, pillows, etc.
» It is used as a lining to jewelry box, hats, clutches, books, purses, or even coffins.
» It is used in making apparels such as party gowns.

How to Care for Your Moire Fabric
» Moire fabric requires good amount of care to be taken because of its water-like texture. The modern fabrics can be cleaned/washed easily without losing their texture. However, the older moire fabrics must be preferably dry-cleaned to maintain its wavy grain structure.
» If they need to be ironed, set the iron on low temperature.
» This fabric should be kept in places that are not vulnerable to mold and fungus.
» Clean the fabric properly before storing it in the closet.
» Avoid storing the fabric in plastic bags. Instead, place them in linen or cotton bags.
» Place a few silica gel packets along with the cloth to be stored. This will keep the fabric free from moisture.

Pros
» Moire fabrics have a stronger structure compared to the synthetic ones.
» They are available in plain as well as printed varieties.
» It is one of the most versatile fabrics covering a large range of applications.
» It is strong and durable in nature.

Cons
» Most of the moire fabrics cannot be pressed.
» Older fabrics can lose their texture if washed roughly. It is advisable to avoid wetting the fabric, as water can fade their sheen.
» It is necessary for the fabric to have a strong rib-like pattern in order to get the moire pattern done.
» It is prone to developing creases on its surface.

This fabric is a bit costlier than the others that are available in the market. However, its elegant texture definitely makes it worthy of being added to your collection.