Septic tanks are waste treatment systems, which are important for dealing with the household sewage and drainage. They are more popular in rural and far-off countryside residential areas, which are difficult to reach by the municipal services. To be more precise, a clean environment in rural areas can be achieved only with proper installation and operation of septic systems. Basically, a septic tank is a concrete or steel tank that decomposes waste products anaerobically (in absence of oxygen). If necessary, it can be configured with other waste water treatment plants.
In order to ensure that the septic tank functions efficiently, it should be cleaned and maintained properly. While installing a septic tank, care should be taken to include all the required parts and components. Regarding maintenance, there are certain steps and precautions. For example, it is essential to use covers, rather than keeping them open.
Importance of Covering Septic Tanks
If you have any idea on how a sewage system works, then you might be aware about the importance of covers for septic tanks. In case the sewage system is left uncovered, the anaerobic environment inside the tank is disturbed, which in turn affects the biodegradation process. In short, septic tank covers are essential components for proper decomposition of waste materials. The importance of covering septic tanks can be discussed as follows:
- They prevent rainwater percolation in the tanks.
- Highly durable covers should be used for tanks that are located in areas where heavy-duty vehicles pass frequently.
- They are valuable for maintaining the aesthetic value of the landscape. Otherwise, you can imagine all the pipes and vents sticking out from a yard.
- Covers help in preventing unpleasant smells.
- Correct installation of these covers is also important for providing accessibility to the septic system, especially for regular inspection and pumping process.
There are cleaning services which you can hire in case of problems related to the septic system. With timely cleaning and proper maintenance tips, you can minimize the chances of septic tank problems.
Types of Covers
There is a wide range of varieties available in the market. Whether you want to cover septic tank just for functional purpose or for decoration purpose, you can get several options of covers that meet your personal requirements. You can opt for decorative covers, in terms of color and texture. Nevertheless, prior to buying these tank covers, make sure that you understand the pros and cons of the various models.
Concrete Covers: Though installation of concrete covers is difficult, they are highly durable and can last for many years. One of the advantages of concrete covers is that they can withstand heavy weights, thus reducing the chances of cracks and fissures.
Steel Covers: Steel covers are lightweight and easy to install in comparison to the concrete type. However, regular inspection of steel covers is advisable, so as to check for rust and corrosion. Replacement of steel septic tanks can be done without changing the entire septic system.
Plastic Covers: Plastic covers are resistant to cracks and rusts, which are observed in case of concrete and steel types. Nevertheless, as plastic covers are thin and lightweight, they are prone to structural damage, thus increasing the chances of accidental falls into the tank.
Usually the top cover of the septic tank lies below the ground surface level. The actual depth of the septic tank covers may vary based on the configuration of the drainage pipes and septic system. Whatever be the depth of the tank cover, what is more important is the safety of the tank system. In other terms, correct manhole covers with lockable options that can withstand an adult's weight should be placed over the tank. By doing so, you can ensure proper functionality of the tank and at the same time, minimize the risks and dangers of falling into it.